Supporting Argentina to advance their NAP process
Country background, Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Agreement
In Argentina, changes in the climate have been observed since the second half of the past century and, according to the projections of the climatic models, these changes would intensify in this century. These changes have already caused impacts on natural and human systems. In most of the non-Patagonian Argentina there was an increase in temperature of up to a half degree between 1960 and 2010, with smaller increases in the center of the country. There was also a change towards more frequent intensified rainfall in much of the country, which resulted in more frequent floods caused by an inappropriate occupation and use of space that generated areas with high exposure and the inadequacy of the water works that were planned for weather conditions that are no longer valid. In the west and more noticeably in the north, the dry periods of winter have become longer. This has generated problems in the availability of water for some populations, created more favorable conditions for grassland fires and greater stress on livestock.
Argentina has submitted two National Communications to the United Nations Frameworks Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), laying out the actions that the government has already taken and the analytical basis for its policy response to climate change, as well as its commitments to take future actions within an official international framework. The National Program for Climate Change Impacts was created with the purpose of developing a national strategy for the better understanding of Argentina’s vulnerability to climate change impacts and for the development of adaptation measures to climate change. Among its functions is the implementation of studies related to the global climate change impact on the various climates of Argentina, elaboration of national climate change adaptation measures, coordination of climate change actions with other related national programs such as the one for desertification prevention.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) established the Global Process of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) as a way to facilitate adaptation planning in developing countries. According to this strategy, Argentina considers that it is essential to take into account the adaptation aspects in the design and implementation of policies and programs. In its National Determined Contribution (NDC) -revised in 2016 and presented at the COP22 in Marrakesh-, Argentina has committed to articulate actions and initiatives related to adaptation to climate change through a systematic and participatory National Adaptation Plan. For the particular case of Argentina, several factors hinder the development of the NAP process, which are of legal and geographical nature. In the first case, the objective of carrying out the process in a participatory manner obliges the political area at the national level to make economic efforts to ensure the full participation of all provincial representatives and to support them in parallel processes of formulating provincial plans.
How has the NAP-GSP supported to date?
Supported the vulnerability assessment and the NAP formulation
Within the work of National Cabinet in 2017, a participatory process was initiated to define priorities and to define which studies are the most important ones to carry out for the vulnerability analysis proposed in the project eventually outlined in Argentina’s Readiness Proposal that was developed in 2018.
Produced a project document to identify entry points for the NAP process
With support of the NAP GSP, Argentina identified technical capacity needs, either at the national and sub-national level or at the sectoral level. With the Global Support Porgramme, Argentina drafted a project document that sets the basis for an adaptation strategy and includes tools for decision making and planning of the NAP process, and mechanisms to include local stakeholders, community‐based organizations, non‐governmental organizations and the private sector.
Helped build capacity and facilitated access to additional climate finance
In January 2019, the GCF approved Argentina’s Readiness Proposal “Adaptation Planning support for Argentina through UNDP.” The NAP project will facilitate integration of climate change adaptation into existing strategies, policies and programs and in this way facilitate the assessment and reduction of vulnerability to the adverse effects of climate change. The Argentinean government will advance adaptation planning at a national, sub-national and sectorial level. The NAP Readiness will raise awareness on adaptation potential and needs at national, sub-national and local levels, as well as disseminate adaptation initiatives being carried out in the country and their respective impacts.
Climate Change and Environment in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires - 1 October 2019 - Workshop organized by the Ombudsman's Office of CABA together with OHCHR, UN and UNDP in Argentina.
Sustainable Land Management NOA and Cuyo - 3rd. Call for projects - 2 March 2020 - Third call for projects for sustainable land management and comprehensive management of water resources in NOA and Cuyo.
Evidence for policymaking in Argentina, there we go! - 26 March 2020 - Evidence plays a fundamental role both in understanding our problems and in designing, implementing and measuring the impact that laws have on our day-to-day life.